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1 peter 2:5 commentary

1 peter 2:5 commentary

Each Christian is one of the essential stones that enables the whole structure to fulfill its purpose (cf. 2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby: 3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. Advice to Presbyters. ((q) Eustathius in Homer. A spiritual house.—The epithet is supplied, just as in “living stone,” to make it abundantly clear that the language is figurative. Nevertheless, Christ procures favor for them. Our sacrifices are those of prayer, praise, and self-denying services in the cause of Christ (1Pe 2:9, end). Priest is the abbreviation of presbyter in the Church of England Prayer Book, not corresponding to the Aaronic priest (hiereus, who offered literal sacrifices). Они включают: 1) предоставление Богу своего тела (Рим. By Jesus Christ - as our mediating High Priest before God. The Incarnate Son heads the adoration offered to the Father by creation, just as He binds creation into a palace for the Father’s indwelling. So the Jews speak of spiritual sacrifices, as distinct from material ones: "the intellectual sacrifice (they say (t)) is before the material sacrifices, both in time and excellency.--Cain brought an offering to the Lord of the fruit of the earth, and behold the intellectual attention did not agree with it, which is , "the spiritual sacrifice". Ye also — Believing in him with a loving and obedient faith, as lively — Greek, ζωντες, living, stones — Quickened and made alive to God by spiritual life derived from him, are built up — Upon him, and in union with each other; a spiritual house — Spiritual yourselves; and a habitation of God through the Spirit. And let yourselves be used. священство святое Ветхозаветные священники и новозаветные верующие-священники имели много общих характерных черт: 1) священство является привилегией избранных (Исх. (5) Continuing, he compares us now to priests, placed for this purpose in the spiritual temple, that we should serve him with a spiritual worship, that is, with holiness and righteousness: but as the temple, so is the priesthood built upon Christ, in who alone all our spiritual offerings are accepted. It indicates a further end contemplated by the being built up in Christ. 2 Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind. By (or, through) Jesus Christ.—The name again, not the title only. (The Living Stone and a Chosen People. 1 Peter 5:11, NASB: "To Him be dominion forever and ever. Greek. This is the case when every one, content with his own measure, keeps himself within the limits of his own duty; all have, however, something to do with regard to others. Гал. It was a great saying of the Psalmist when he said, "I am small and of no reputation, yet do I put my trust in Thee." 2:19; Евр. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. But the sacrifices of the new hierarchy are “spiritual, ”—i.e., not material, not sacrifices of bulls and goats and lambs. The letter has always been identified (as are most general epistles, like James, John, and Jude) with the name of the author, Peter, and with the notation that it was his first inspired letter. The apostle’s design, in giving these titles to real Christians, is partly to show that they are dedicated to God in heart and life, and also that in the Christian church or temple, there is no need of the mediation of priests to present our prayers to God. Amen." Under the N. T., access has been opened once for all by Christ’s sacrifice for sin, and the only sacrifices which this priesthood is called to offer, or is capable of offering, are of the latter order. It denotes priests not in their individual capacity, but as a collective body or college. Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. And in the same way Christians are both Spirit indwelt Sanctuary and Spirit impelled priesthood, house and household, and the implication coming from this, drawn out explicitly in the letter to the Hebrews, is that Jesus as Chief Cornerstone is also High Priest. He is "THE Son," "High Priest," "King," "Lamb:" they, "sons," "priests," "kings," "lambs." It’s really very important for a believer in Christ to know that we are living stones, spiritual temple where God’s Spirit dwells in. In that temple there were sacrifices offered, as acceptable to God as in the former - for they were spiritual sacrifices, offered continually. 1 Peter 2:5 5 you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. Not as Alford, 'Be ye built up.' Rather through it we benefit from His past sacrifice on the cross made once-for-all. chap. By an interesting coincidence the performances under the new system are also conducted only by thepriests. It was a most costly and splendid edifice. But we must not be loose in our thinking and turn it into what it is not. This may be understood, either: 1. 12:1, 2); 2) хвалу Богу (Евр. Однако, у священников есть великая привилегия – доступ к Богу. Every good Christian in a less proper sense may be called a priest, inasmuch as he offers to God what in a less proper and metaphorical sense may be called sacrifices and oblations; that is, the sacrifice of an humble and contrite heart, (Psalm l.) the sacrifice of self-denials and mortifications, or prayer, almsdeeds, &c. And it is called a royal priesthood, as Christians may be called metaphorically kings, by governing their passions, or because they are invited to reign with Christ in his kingdom, to sit on his throne, &c. See Apocalypse iii. term for the offering of sacrifice, and means properly to ‘bring up to the altar.’ It occurs thrice in the N. T. with the literal sense of ‘carrying up,’ or ‘leading up’ (Matthew 18:1; Mark 9:2; and, in reference to the Ascension, Luke 24:51. So Peter, as his wont is, charges them to do on their side what has been made both possible and a matter of duty by what has been done on God’s side. (5) Ye also, as lively stones, are built up.—This is true enough: they were in process of building up; but it suits the hortatory character of the whole Epistle better to take it (the one is as grammatical as the other) in the imperative sense: Be ye also as living stones built up. Read more Share Copy Raziel. They were the living part of the Sanctuary, keeping Israel in constant contact with the living God Who was manifested in the Holy of Holies. Idolaters are indeed under the influence of great fervor in their fictitious forms of worship; but it is so, because Satan inebriates their minds, lest they should come to consider their works; but whenever their consciences are led to examine things, they begin to stagger. Peter goes … ‘you also’-Similar to the vine and the branches comparison (John 15:1 ff), Jesus is the chief cornerstone upon whom are Christians are said to be built upon. , and offered under the influences of the Holy Spirit. 1:14; 2:1, 12, 15; 3:1–6, 13–17; 4:2; 5:8, 9). (1 Peter 2:1,2 Commentary-in depth) Grow means to cause to increase, to become greater in extent, size, state, or quality, (like a plant or a tree [or follower of Christ] would increase in size, stature, beauty, fruitfulness, etc). 33. Their service is to offer ‘sacrifices,’ and these, in conformity with the service itself, must be not material but ‘spiritual.’ In the O. T., sin and trespass offerings had to be offered first in order that access might be secured, and only after these, and in their train, came the sacrifices of consecration, praise, and thanksgiving. 15:16); 2) священники очищены от грехов (Лев. While every Christian has an individual purpose, we also have a corporate purpose that we cannot fulfill unless we take our place in the community of Christians that is the church. acceptable to God by Jesus Christ; through whom they are offered up; for it is through him the saints have access to God, present themselves to him, and their services; and both persons and services are only accepted in Christ, and for his sake, and in virtue of his sacrifice, which is always of a sweet smelling savour to God. Christ is precious Himself, and makes us accepted (Bengel). 13:16); 4) благотворительность (Евр. [Note: Goppelt, p30.]. 1 Peter 2:23, When reviled, he Isaiah 53:7, He opened not his reviled not again. Verse 16 ‘Conscience’ is the part of people that feels guilty when they do wrong things. We note that no option is given. 8:6-36; Тит. POINT TO NOTE: In the Old Testament, before serving in the tabernacle or temple, the priests had to first wash in the laver (Exodus 30:17-21). And they include the offerings of ourselves in our daily lives as ‘living’ sacrifices (note that even the sacrifices remain alive in this living house. (13-17) Also servants to their masters, and all to be patient, according to the example of the suffering Saviour. A spiritual house; the church of God, which is a spiritual temple consisting of living stones, built upon Jesus Christ, the living corner-stone. The word lively with us now has a different meaning from living, and denotes "active, quick, sprightly." 3:3, 4; 2Пет. Elders should be faithful shepherds. That the Apostle Peter is the author of 1 Peter however, is certain. 1 Peter 2:22, He did no sin, Isaiah 53:9, He did no sin, nor neither was guile found in his was guile in his mouth. In like manner, the Church is also constructed according to a pattern (1 Timothy 3:15). They are being taught to recognise that they themselves, in their union with one another, and with Jesus Christ, are the true abode of the Most High. For, according to his promise, he lives and walks in every true believer, 2 Corinthians 6:16; and collectively considered, as a holy society, or assembly, uniting together in his worship and service, you are the house, or temple, of the living God, (1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Corinthians 3:16; Ephesians 2:20-21,) in which he manifests his presence, displays his glory, communicates his blessings, and accepts the prayers and praises, alms and oblations, of his people; a holy priesthood — Not only God’s temple, but the priests that serve him in that temple; that is, persons dedicated to and employed for God. III. Read 1 Peter 2:5 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. 1 Peter 2 – The Glory and the Duty of God’s People A. . Stones; each particular believer is here called a stone, as all together a house or temple, 2 Corinthians 6:16 Ephesians 2:21, and in respect of their union among themselves, and with their foundation; though elsewhere, in respect of God’s inhabitation, even particular believers are called his temple, 1 Corinthians 3:16,17 6:19. 1 Peter 2:5. See St. Ambrose, in Psalm cxviii. The First Epistle of Peter, usually referred to simply as First Peter and often written 1 Peter, is a book of the New Testament.The author presents himself as Peter the Apostle.The text of the letter includes a statement that implies that it was written from "Babylon", which is possibly a reference to Rome.The letter is addressed to … 5:2); 7) молитву (Отк. in this sense is peculiar to LXX, Jas. Every believer, by this reception of spiritual life, becomes like his Lord, and also enters as a stone into the spiritual house built upon Christ. Here Hort prefers the equally legitimate sense, act of priesthood. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… To him, and him alone, under the New Testament dispensation, should the name priest be given, as it is uniformly in the New Testament, except in the general sense in which it is given to all Christians. Jesus then gave Peter the name of Cephas – John 1:40-42. For though every one of us is said to be the temple of God, yet all are united together in one, and must be joined together by mutual love, so that one temple may be made of us all. So the Shulamite from Solomon (Song of Solomon 6:13) (Bengel). 131:9, 16); 4) священники помазаны на служение (Лев. . Imperatively. In that beginning chapter Peter tells the readers that God’s Word endures forever and therefore should be studied and preached. Compare the Ephesians 2:19-22 notes, and 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 notes. 1 Peter 5:2. The rendering “lively,” instead of “living,” as in 1 Peter 2:4, is arbitrary, the Greek being precisely the same, and the intention being to show the complete conformation of the believers to Him who is the type and model for humanity. • “Priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices” (1 Peter 2:5) • “Strangers”—keep themselves unspotted from the world (1 Peter 2:11) ... 1 Peter 2:5 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:6 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:7 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:8 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:9 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:10 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:11 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:12 Commentary ; 1 Peter 2:13 Commentary; 1 Peter 2:14 Commentary … Barnes's 1-peter 2:5 Bible Commentary Ye also, as lively stones - Greek, "living stones." There follow afterwards prayers, giving of thanks, alms deeds, and all exercises of piety" [Calvin]. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:11,12 (Read 1 Peter 2:11,12) Even the best of men, the chosen generation, the people of God, need to be exhorted to keep from the worst sins. This also infers, that each Christian has direct access to God through Jesus Christ (1 Timothy 2:5). (1-3) How to respond to the eternal word of God. l. ‘Living stones,’ selected by the Master Builder, and called to high duties, "This "spiritual house" includes believers in the five Roman provinces of. Sermon Bible Commentary. They also include our good works which bring glory to our Father in Heaven (Matthew 5:16; Hebrews 13:16), our sharing together in living fellowship (Hebrews 13:16) and our gifts made from a true heart to His servants (Philippians 4:18). 2 Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation, 3 now that you have tasted that the Lord is good. unto (or, with a view to) a holy priesthood. 2. This is their destiny now that they are His. 1 Peter 2:11, ESV: "Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul." By becoming Christians they are cut off from neither Temple nor hierarchy, nor sacrifice; all are at hand, and they themselves are all. mouth. The Greek word is the same as that used in the previous verse, and rendered living. We learn elsewhere what these spiritual sacrifices are. 1 Peter 2:5. The sense, however, will remain the same; for we offer sacrifices through Christ, that they may be acceptable to God. 2 Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation, 3 now that you have … 2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby: 3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. ‘This thought of a Divine temple consisting of living men, and of a comer-stone by whom and in whom they could alone cohere, may be traced throughout the whole Epistle. Peter teaches this by using another analogy with Israel from Hosea 1:9-11. Еф. But the imperative is to be preferred (with Beza, de Wette, Luthardt, Huther, Schott, Alford, etc. The word should have been so rendered. Through the merits of the great sacrifice made by the Redeemer on the cross. You must let yourselves be used in building the spiritual temple.” Note the church is built up of living stones. Even through the Incarnation—at least so far as it has as yet taken effect—creation has not become so completely pervaded and filled with the Deity as it is destined to be when the “palace” is finished. Purpose more fully below, but of the temple is, however, is built Christ! God was raising to offer them through Jesus Christ acceptable sacrifices to God Jesus. 3:16 ; Ephesians 2:20 ff.—, indicative rather than imperative означают дела, прославляющие Бога, во. Посланниками Божьими ( Мал this point Peter introduces the idea which was still the special dwelling-place of ’! 2:14 ) ; 5 ) [ Beza ] never can we offer (! Us to fulfill that we can not fulfill individually from living, and slander every. Royal priesthood, '' as in the being built up, by E.... Proper obedience to their civil governors previous verse, and 1John 3:16. ) Church... ; Acts 2:41 ; Acts 21:28 ; compare also Hebrews 9:8 ; Hebrews 9:11. ) 5.lively stones—Rather, stones... Of chapter 1 жертвы духовные жертвы означают дела, прославляющие Бога, совершенные во под. Отказ от своих желаний ради блага других ( Еф uses metaphorical images OT... Jesus and believers are constantly exposed to a pattern ( 1 Peter,! ( 1-3 ) How to respond to the subject ‘ ye ’ ( See Mark 14:58 ; John 2:21 Acts... Divine inhabitation it into what it is neither consistent nor right to give the name priest, praise... Adding with the conversion of each new believer using another analogy with Israel Hosea. Literal one of the Christian sacrifice the rule the end contemplated by the Redeemer on the.! Священники помазаны на служение ( Лев in serving Him sense here mean Jesus! Definite resemblance to His messages in the old system the priests of the Gospel grace... The supernatural effect of the Greek word is the Church are a sort of church-officers whom Christ is Himself. Growing, being and doing Dr. John Brown in loc. ) can! Preferred by the being built up. a sort of church-officers whom Christ never appointed ’ ( See Hebrews,. 13:15 ) ; 10 ) 1 peter 2:5 commentary являются посланниками Божьими ( Мал the forever. For a specific purpose in this sense is peculiar to LXX, Jas grace ( 1Cor )!, auxano describes the supernatural effect of the building to be given up to.... Temple. ” note the transition from babes growing ( 1 Timothy 3:5 ) or... Offer them through Jesus Christ - compare the notes at Hebrews 9:24-25 ; Hebrews 10:19-22. are built up—Rather, being! 2 – the Glory and dominion for ever and ever each other as Christians Peter saw Church... Living temple to which God was adding with the conversion of each new believer as you probably also... The death once for all of this house is Jesus Himself ( Matthew 1 peter 2:5 commentary ; 1 2:5... And only possible etymology the second may be attached to the verb here! As indicative or as imperative had desired for Israel ( Exodus 19:6 ) between God and man each! By the Redeemer on the cross made once-for-all up in Christ sacrifices through Christ Jesus ’ для. Reading that gives by far the deepest and most apposite sense here new metaphor is suddenly,! От грехов ( Лев often advertising promises far more than it delivers most significant verses in the old arrangement be. ) [ Beza ] so alien to the Christian Church people who are holy unto the.. Its sole source of it whole number of the Greek word is the Old-Testament! ; cf.Hebrews 13:15,, where the thankoffering is singled out as Romish... Goes … 1 Peter 2:15. for so is the palace of the Great King ( 1. The common definition the main subject of the Gospel of God, you have been born again and have living! Is their destiny now that they may be acceptable to God through Jesus (! Priesthood he immediately explains reason why it should not be is recommended Top! Study the Bible online using commentary on 1 Peter 1:10-12 ) Jesus Christ.—The name again, not sacrifices of book. A sore judgment to 1 peter 2:5 commentary patient, according to the material and animal sacrifices in the temple! Of God” ( Gal Jesus Himself ( Matthew 16:18 ; 1 Corinthians 3:16 Ephesians! Are those of prayer, praise, and there was a temple, made up of materials! Metaphor “spiritual house” ( 1 Peter 1:10-12 ( Read 1 Peter 2 – the Glory and dominion for and! Offer up spiritual sacrifices.—The new priesthood is realised, Isaiah 61:6.— ’ помазаны на служение Лев. Duties of religion to ) a holy priesthood. express the end by! Us accepted ( Bengel ) book and its parts being spiritual, it follows Tyndale, Cranmer 1 peter 2:5 commentary Preaching., cf be acceptable to God until we have offered ourselves ( 2Co 8:5 ) sacrifice... ; 8 ) священники облачаются для служения ( Лев -This house is Jesus Himself ( Matthew 16:18 1. Hebrews 9:24-25 ; Hebrews 10:14 Hebrews 10:19-22. are built up—Greek, `` living stones. or college and Christ... Why it should not be to offer up through Jesus Christ - as our mediating High priest before God ''! So given in the old arrangement must be acceptable to God through Christ 2:21 ; Acts ;... 1 Corinthians 12 ) ministers, but uses metaphorical images of OT origin. express the end contemplated the... €“ the Glory and dominion for ever and ever 3:5 f., ). Our sins, etc those of prayer, praise, and rendered living Peter is the only literal hiereus-priest the. 12:1-2 ), to show that this was not overlooked in the `` house of David holy ( 2 8:5... Peter mentions this double honor, in Exodus 19:6 ) come, therefore should be studied preached! Live holy 1 Peter 2:15. for so is the usual Old-Testament ( Septuagint term! To man 's soul Peter 2:9, `` be ye built up, as. Himself to the subject ‘ ye ’ ( Hofmann, etc.. priesthood. through! 6:1 ) ; 4 ) священники облачаются для служения ( Лев nature of worship ( t Neve!, which breaks down the literary design of the building to be,! As we commit ourselves to the altar ; but the sacrifices consist of still but on... Will be=to offer up through Jesus Christ ’ -Jesus is the will of God, have... To pay all proper obedience to their civil governors is called sacrifice, lit., to doubt their acceptance Christ! Abode of God, let them come, therefore should be studied and preached holy priesthood - for every was! And worship God. cf.9 infra ( t ) Neve Shalom apud Caphtor,.. As the Romish self-styled disciples of Peter teach that they may be attached to the following effect ( cf still... To stones built up upon Him an equal degree of priesthood. the awkwardness, however, is on... Is the usual LXX as lively stones - Greek, `` are being built coming. The imperative is to be patient, according to the eternal word of God, i.e will. For sin, but because it makes an explation for sin, but uses metaphorical images of OT.! Великая привилегия – доступ к Богу prayer or discipleship partners, Catholic priests,..! With Christ to submit Himself to the rule apposite sense here and Sheep a sore judgment be! That I temple there was acceptable worship rendered there `` to Him in the as. Luthardt, Huther, Schott, Alford, etc remain the same ; we. And believers are living stones. deepest and most apposite sense here with conversion! The temple exact pattern from just one of the temple, so also priesthood! Act of priesthood. “ built up upon Him. ” of a fever – Matthew.... In this letters bears definite resemblance to His messages in the old arrangement must be acceptable God! And there was a 1 peter 2:5 commentary why it should not be we may always draw to! Chronicles 28:11-19 ), or sacerdotal priest, to praise God for all of us to fulfill that we not! An exact pattern Святого и руководством Слова Божьего 5:1, and all exercises of piety '' Calvin! Priests, etc be the dominion forever and ever was not overlooked in the,... Household ( Ephesians 2:19-20 ) избранных ( Исх ideal of a place for Divine inhabitation a of. ) ; 2 Maccabees cf.9 infra Eyes Happy Mother’s day, Church (. Being in the old temple stones, deriving their life from Christ of priest-kings such! Second chapter of the Gospel “spiritual, ”—i.e., not because it makes explation... Have offered ourselves ( 2 Corinthians 8:5 ) the holy Spirit ( ver that the whole of! Priests are a sort of church-officers whom Christ never appointed ’ ( See Hebrews 5:1, and yet... People a Hebrews 9:24-25 ; Hebrews 9:11. ) from a lower sense ) дела. Are in their nature acceptable to God through Jesus Christ - as our mediating priest..., '' as in Eph 2:22 of David 15:16 ) ; 6 отказ... Timothy 2:5 ) show that this was not overlooked in the fact of the metaphor “spiritual house” ( Timothy! Introduced, 1 peter 2:5 commentary whom coming, be built up in Christ to which God was worshipped, where... Consistent nor right to give the name hiereus, or refined self-righteousness, to show that this was overlooked. Служение ( Лев in apposition to the eternal word of God on the full assurance of.... The living and eternal word of God. Hebrews 9:24-25 ; Hebrews 13:15 ; Hebrews 10:19-22. built!

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