where is sweden
To the west lie the Kölen (Kjølen; Scandinavian) Mountains, through which runs the border demarcating Sweden and Norway. The topography of the country is largely shaped by ice. The name Sweden was derived from the Svear, or Suiones, a people mentioned as early as 98 ce by the Roman author Tacitus. Summers in the north are short and cool, but still, have the long days Sweden's … This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. With borders along the Gulf of Bothnia, the Baltic Sea, and many smaller seas, Sweden has direct access to water regions from many points. Forty years after the Swedish parliament unanimously decided to change the formerly homogenous Sweden into a multicultural country, violent crime has increased by 300% and rapes by 1,472%. Like all of northwestern Europe, Sweden has a generally favourable climate relative to its northerly latitude owing to moderate southwesterly winds and the warm North Atlantic Current. These are relatively low-level mountains, as Sweden's highest point, Kebnekaise, stands at just 2,111 meters (about 7,000 ft.) It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle. A long coastline forms the country’s eastern border, extending along the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea; a narrow strait, known as The Sound (Öresund), separates Sweden from Denmark in the south. Set among hills, forests and ponds, Sweden has a total area of 29.74 square miles (77.03 km 2), of which, 28.82 square miles (74.64 km 2) of it is land and 0.92 square miles (2.38 km 2) is water. It is bounded by the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea in the east and south; and by the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits in the southwest. It has been marked on the map by an inverted triangle. This is Sweden’s oldest settled and most densely populated agricultural area. The government exercises executive power. Sweden’s landscape changes from the hills of Småland to the fertile plains of Skåne, which is physiographically and economically more similar to Denmark than to the rest of Sweden. Sweden shares its maritime borders with Germany, Denmark, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. km, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe. How Much Are Movie Tickets Around The World? Don't Talk Down the Vasa Ship. Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is bound by Finland, the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea to the east, Kattegat to … Get Stockholm's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. The Muonio and Torne rivers form the frontier with Finland, and in the south the Dal River marks the transition to Svealand. Central Sweden is dominated by lower mountains in the west that give way to heavily forested hills and ridges, dozens and dozens of rivers and an estimated 101,000 lakes. The population of Sweden is about 10 million people. Geologically, it is one of the oldest and most stable parts of the Earth’s crust. It is bordered by Norway to the west and Finland to the east and it is along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. The municipalities are further divided into 2512 parishes (forsamlinger). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The region features an undulating surface of rounded hills and mountains, large lakes, and extensive river valleys. Historically, Sweden rose from backwardness and poverty into a highly developed postindustrial society and advanced welfare state with a standard of living and life expectancy that rank among the highest in the world. Stockholm Where to Stay in Stockholm. Visit the Embassy of Sweden website for the most current visa information.. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Blekinge, Dalarna, Gavleborg, Gotland, Halland, Jamtland, Jonkoping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Orebro, Ostergotland, Skane, Sodermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Varmland, Vasterbotten, Vasternorrland, Vastmanland and Vastra Gotaland. Sweden is a country located in Northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Arctic Circle, Sweden has everything from glorious beaches and medieval towns to vast forests and crystal-clear lakes. Stockholm has been the permanent capital since 1523. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. (There will be no trickery with countries that touch the Equator.). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. The city’s location establishes it as one of the world’s most beautiful and spectacular cities. The coffee culture (Fika) (from USD 68.72) In Sweden we call it fika. The country is traditionally divided into three regions: to the north is Norrland, the vast mountain and forest region; in central Sweden is Svealand, an expanse of lowland in the east and highland in the west; and in the south is Götaland, which includes the Småland highlands and, at the southern extremity, the small but rich plains of Skåne. The lowest point in the country is Kristianstad at −2.41 m (−7.9 ft). In Stockholm, the Vasa is a matter of national pride. Lidens församling Restaurants. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Norway is a Northern European country located on the western half of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a head of government - the prime minister - and a head of state - the monarch. Today these are intermingled with mixed forests and farmland. Sweden, country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. In the south, large lakes (some linked by canals) and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land. In Svealand are Sweden’s largest lakes, including Lakes Väner, 2,181 square miles (5,650 square km); Vätter (Vättern), 738 square miles (1,911 square km); and Mälar (Mälaren), 440 square miles (1,139 square km). Malmo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 101,837 reviews of Malmo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Malmo resource. Legislative power is vested in the single-chamber parliament. Other large cities in Sweden are Goteborg and Malmo. Norway shares land borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia in the east and an extensive coastline facing the North Atlantic Ocean on the west. things sweden is famous for | … Sweden is a country in Europe. White sandy beaches are common along the southern coastline. The interior of southern Sweden, Småland, is a wooded upland with elevations of 980 to 1,300 feet (300 to 400 metres). This range is characterized by numerous glaciers, the southernmost of which is on Helags Mountain (Helagsfjället), near the Norwegian border. Located on the south-central east coast of Sweden is, Stockholm – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Sweden. Sweden, country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. People who live in Sweden are called Swedes. Sweden has some absolutely gorgeous hiking trails, most of which are well maintained and supplied with conveniently located mountain huts along the way. Regions of Sweden. … Gatherings of more than 50 people were banned, and the elderly were told to stay at home. The population was 391 at the 2010 census. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Its surface formations and soils were altered by the receding glaciers of the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). Help. This type of coast, known as skärgård, is found in both the east and the west, especially around Stockholm and Gothenburg. Sweden’s nearest EU neighbours – the Danes, Finns, and Norwegians – have accepted a lockdown strategy, closing schools, workplaces, and borders … Finland. It is a developed country. Sweden was the only European country to embrace this idea, and opted not to implement a lockdown. On the other hand, small areas of clayey till from younger sedimentary limestone, scattered mainly in southern Sweden, form brown earth, providing agricultural soils of high fertility. Explore Sweden Using Google Earth: Google Earth is a free program from Google that allows you to explore satellite images showing the cities and landscapes of Sweden and all of Europe in fantastic detail. Summer in Sweden. It is also the 5th largest country in Europe and the 3rd largest country in EU. Sweden lies to the southwest of Finland. Sweden's authorities never said achieving herd immunity was their goal, but they did argue that by keeping more of society open, Swedes would be more likely to develop a resistance to Covid-19. Sweden occupies the greater part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, which it shares with Norway. Stockholm, a pretty city set on 14 islands, has a lot going for … Most of the fairly level surface of eastern Svealand and northern Götaland was pressed below sea level by glaciers, leaving a landscape of fragmented bedrock, fertile clayey plains, numerous lakes, and sandy ridges. The country’s chief rivers originate in the mountains of Norrland, mostly flowing southeastward with many falls and rapids and emptying into the Gulf of Bothnia or the Baltic Sea. A shorter coastline along the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits forms Sweden’s border to the southwest, and Norway lies to the west. 25 Highest Income Earning Countries In The World, 25 Countries Who Don't Invest Much In Agriculture, All You Need To Know About The Great Basin Desert, California Condor Facts: Animals Of North America, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. Its neighbors are Finland and Norway. Geography. A region of poor and stony soils, Småland has been cultivated through the ages with some difficulty, as evidenced by the enormous mounds of stone cleared from the land. It borders Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark via the bridge of Öresund (Öresundsbron). Significant lakes include Siljan, Storsjom, Varern and Vattern, and with few exceptions, the balance of Sweden's lakes are on the small side. The above map represents Sweden, a European country located in the Scandinavian Peninsula. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). On the west coast of Sweden is Gothenburg – the 2nd largest city in Sweden. Due to Covid-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and from Sweden. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Welcome to sweden.se, our official website. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. With an area of 450,295 sq. Sweden is located in northern Europe. It occupies the greater part of the peninsula, which it shares with Norway. The country’s ancient name was Svithiod. Off the southern coast in the Baltic, the large, flat islands of Öland and Gotland are outcropping layers of sandstone and limestone. Town of Sweden, Maine. Updates? During the last Ice Age, much of Sweden was covered by a thick layer of ice. It is for this reason that Swedish statesmen have often been sought out to fill major positions in the United Nations. Ground by glacial ice in the same direction, they have a common rounded shape. In the far north the region of Lappland overlaps Norrland and northern Finland. The country has a 3,218 km (2,000 mi) long coastline to the east. From the southwest, Atlantic low-pressure winds blow in air warmed by the North Atlantic Current and make the weather mild but changeable. The season is relatively short, but it’s worth a bit of extra planning to get out into the wilderness: its natural landscape is one of Sweden… Directly south of Stockholm (a city of islands) are Gotland and Oland, Sweden's largest islands. Sweden is located on the east side of the Scandinavian Peninsula in North Europe. Sweden Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,619,266 reviews of Sweden Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Sweden resource. km. Explore Stockholm's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Swedish society is ethnically and religiously very homogeneous, although recent immigration has created some social diversity. Sweden's largest rivers include the Angerman, Eman, Indal, Lagan, Ljusnan, Lule, Osterdal, Skellefte, Storuman, Torne and Ume. Lakes dot the fairly flat landscape, and thousands of islands form archipelagoes along more than 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of jagged, rocky coastline. Sweden is a party to the Schengen Agreement. You’ll also find Sweden’s longest river, Klarälven river snaking through this idyllic province, before it flows into one of Europe’s biggest lakes, Vänern. Sweden's border with Norway is covered by the Scandinavian Mountains, or in Swedish, the Kolen (or Kjolen) Mountains. Sweden (Sverige) is the largest of the Nordic countries, with a population of about 10 million. Sweden (Swedish: Sverige) is a Nordic country in the part of Europe called Scandinavia. Sweden is bordered by the Gulf of Bothnia and Baltic Sea, with Norway to the west and Finland to the east. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Myth No. Today it is a constitutional monarchy with a well-established parliamentary democracy that dates from 1917. 2: Sweden did much worse than the U.S. or other countries in managing COVID-19 cases and deaths. The longest, however, is the Klar-Göta River, which rises in Norway and flows 447 miles (719 km), reaching Lake Väner (Vänern) and continuing southward out of the lake’s southern end to the North Sea; along its southernmost course are the famous falls of Trollhättan. Known as the Kingdom of Sweden by its official title, Sweden has a vast coastline. The country has a 1,000-year-long continuous history as a sovereign state, but its territorial expanse changed often until 1809. Stockholm is also Sweden’s financial capital. Sweden has about 2,200 reported COVID-19 cases per million population. It is famous for its welfare state. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). The above map represents Sweden, a European country located in the Scandinavian Peninsula. The rivers, except in the far north, where they are protected, are sources of hydroelectric power. Lidens församling Hotels. In addition, vast areas of central Sweden are covered by heavy and fertile sea-bottom clays raised out of the sea by postglacial land uplift. At peace since 1814, Sweden has followed the doctrine, enunciated in every document on foreign policy since World War II, of “nonalignment in peace aiming at neutrality in war.”. Sweden learned that the hard way, but the situation there is now under control. Sweden Bordering Countries: Sweden. Värmland is a natural wonderland stretching across central-west Sweden, spanning rolling hills and deep forest, and boasting some 10,000 lakes. Sweden has made international headlines for avoiding a lockdown since the pandemic hit, relying mostly on voluntary measures to achieve social distancing. Sweden's coastal areas include several small islands and reefs, especially in the east and southwest. The Baltic Sea lies to the east of Sweden, as well as the Gulf of Bothnia, which separates Sweden from most of Finland. Sweden is also connected to Denmark in the south by a bridge. One-fifth of the country, especially in rainy southwestern Sweden and the cold far north, is covered by marshland and peat. Omissions? Sweden × Show Labels. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, National Geographic Kids - Countries - Sweden, Jewish Virtual Library - Sweden Virtual Jewish History Tour, Sweden - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sweden - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. As observed on the physical map of Sweden, to the north (above the Arctic Circle) Sweden is rugged with snow-covered mountains and thick forests. This warship … The dominant soil of Sweden is till, formed under glacial ice. It has chosen instead to play a balancing role among the world’s conflicting ideological and political systems. Sweden is known for its undeveloped wilderness and archipelagoes, stretching from the European mainland to the Arctic. The northernmost part of Sweden belongs to the Arctic. Except for a stretch of scenic “high coast,” the Bothnian coastal plain is low-lying and stretches from Norrland into Svealand. You have to decide whether it’s in the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere. Norrland is the largest and most sparsely populated of the regions, covering some three-fifths of the country. Sweden: Continent : Europe: Where is Located: Sweden is a country located in the Northern Europe: Coordinates : 59.35, 18.066667: Capital : Stockholm: Largest City : Stockholm: Neighboring Countries Finland, Norway : Administrative divisions: 21 counties : Area : 173,745 sq mi: Population: 9415295: Official Language : Swedish: Currency : Swedish krona (SEK) ISO Alpha-2 Code: SE Sweden long ago disavowed the military aggressiveness that once involved its armies deeply in Europe’s centuries of dynastic warfare. By 6,000 BC, when that ice finally retreated (or melted) it left in its wake a deeply-indented coastline (in the south) with many islands, and innumerable lakes, rivers and streams spread across the entire country. Considering its northerly geographic location (at the latitude of parts of Greenland and Siberia), Sweden enjoys a favourable climate. Its capital and largest city is Stockholm, located along the country's east coast. Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. Sweden extends some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to the north and south and 310 miles (500 km) to the east and west. Sweden (officially, the Kingdom of Sweden) is divided into 21 counties (Ian) and 290 municipalities (kommuner). Description Legal. Otherwise masks were not recommended, and bars, restaurants, schools and businesses remained open. The land slopes gently from the high mountains along the Norwegian frontier eastward to the Baltic Sea. The kings of Sweden and Norway came to stay in Åre and Storlien for recreational purposes since the 19th century. As the pain of national lockdowns grows intolerable and countries realize that managing—rather than defeating—the pandemic is the only realistic option, more and more of them will begin to open up. Åre is situated in Åredalen (Åre Valley), approximately 400 metres (1,300 ft) AMSL at the coastline of Åresjön lake. Sweden is a unitary state, divided into 20 counties and 290 municipalities.Location on the EU map By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. More recently the area has been characterized by flourishing small factories. The only European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in north Europe to your.... Of national pride Fika ) ( from USD 68.72 ) in Sweden students... It ’ s conflicting ideological and political systems ), Sweden is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula the large flat... 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