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hindu population in kerala

hindu population in kerala

Population of Kerala in 2015 Kerala is heading for a significant phase in its demographic transition with the State moving towards achieving zero population growth rate, which will result in an increase in scarcity of labour. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. The lowest Fertility rate recorded anywhere in India is TFR of 1.17 for Vettuvan caste in Kerala. [66], Population graph of Kerala from 1910-2011. Hinduism is the largest religion in Kerala and Hindu castes together make up 54.8% of the population of the state according to the 2011 census. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. The oldest church in India is found in Kerala, believed to be established by St. Thomas, the disciple of Jesus Christ and the Cheramaan Juma Mosque is considered to be the oldest mosque in the Indian subcontinent which was built by an Islamic missionary Malik Dinar. Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in the State, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and … According to Census of India, Kerala was home to over 33.8 Former Hindu Dalits constitute 95% of the total Christian population in the country. [16] As per the 2011 census, Kerala and Puducherry are the only domiciles in India with a female-to-male ratio higher than 0.99. Some religions had influenced the Hindus and people worshiping those religions are also found in Kerala. Muslims in Kerala share a common language with the rest of the non-Muslim population and have a culture commonly regarded as the Malayali culture. Kerala ranks highest in India with respect to social development indices such as elimination of poverty, primary education and healthcare. The activists of the HJM while submitting a memorandum said that Hindu girls are being targeted and trapped into Love Jihad. Though not much larger than Maryland, Kerala has a population as big as California's and a per capita annual income of less than $300. The following is a list of most populous urban agglomerations in the Kerala state of India. outside India. Malankara orthodox church, Jacobite Syrian orthodox church and Marthomite Syrian church denominations claim Syrian roots. [1][2] A tiny number of Muslims thus take lineage from Arab settlers mixed with local population. 2013, it has reached 33,878,803 in 2014. According to 2011 Census, 54.73% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.32% follows other religion or no religion. language of the state. In 2013, there were nearly 2.5 million migrant workers from other states in Kerala or 7.5% of the state's population. [26], Kerala has six major cities: Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur. The proportion of Muslims has risen to 27%, while Christians hovers around the 18% mark. Kerala: Next five years, and Hindus will become a minority in the land of Sankaracharya (Kerala). The vast majority of residents of Kerala are Malayalis, but there are many smaller ethnic groups including Tuluvas, Tamils, Kannadigas and Konkanis. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. Know more on population growth, sex ratio and literacy rate in Kerala. This central focus — deemed unusual in India — was then maintained after Kerala's post-independence inauguration as a state. [14], Kerala's unusual socioeconomic and demographic situation was summarized by author and environmentalist Bill McKibben:[19], As of 2011, a total of 2,280,000 Keralites reside outside India. Muslim population increased by 7.5 % Kerala has six major cities: Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur. Based on the comparison the Hindu population has decreased in Kerala. The above shocking observation has been made by ‘Keralathail Hindu group ‘Neriduna Velluvilikal’ of Dr. K. Jaiprasad. And so it needed a “communal” demographer from the Centre for Policy Studies (CPS), Jatinder Bajaj, to point out a huge demographic bulge in Kerala’s Muslim population in … Population Growth rate of various religion has come down in the last decade (2001-2011). In addition, Kerala is home to 321,000 indigenous tribal Adivasis (1.10% of the populace). The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. The state also tops the chart in maintaining a From a roaring business of slaves and spices and a benign Hindu population in the western coast of India for close to 400 years of luxury to suddenly the European hegemony of the seas and trade, the Indian Muslims had become a bedraggled lot by the end of the 18 th century. terms of social development. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. South-western part of India, Kerala is the leading state of India in The most preferred destination was Saudi Arabia (37.8%), followed by UAE (25.9%), Other Gulf countries (13.0%), Oman (11.8%), Other Countries (7.5%) and USA(3.8%). As per the data of 2011 census figures, Hindu population now stands at 79.8 % and Muslim population at 14.23%. Population of Kerala in 2015 was estimated to be 34,040,350 (34 million). Population of Kerala in 2017 was 34.5 crore. Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala): In the State of Kerala which is ruled by anti-Hindu communists, the population of Hindus have considerably reduced. Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. Many of these people, fed up with the discrimination they had faced in Hinduism too, had turned Christians when induced by the missionaries. Hinduism has a number of sacred writings, such as the Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas which outline how its followers should conduct their lives. The state is currently home to about 2.76% of India's total population. The state has a high number of literacy rate (95%) which is consider as a good indicator of growth in a developing economy like India. Hindus, Christians and Muslims are the major religious communities of the state, although a small population of Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jews and some others are also present. states. The state was recorded an to be 34,523,726 in 2017. IANS For in-depth, objective and more importantly balanced journalism, Click here to subscribe to Outlook Magazine [25], Studies indicate that by the time of 2016 state elections, migrants will become a crucial voting block in many of the constituencies in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Kannur districts. 6.5 percent by Christians and 1.5 percent by Muslims. To access the 2011 data in the downloadable Excel sheet, go to cell H104 for the total population in Kerala, and cell K104 for the total number of Hindus in the state. The Hindu child population between 0-4 years also dropped from 50.9% to 46.7% while Muslim child population in the same age group grew from 31.2% to 37.3%, he said. Its population is estimated to be 35,122,966 in 2020, an increase of 167,605 from last year (2019) data of 34,955,361. There are also migrants from Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and the North East. Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various speaks Malayalam, followed by Tamil which is spoken by Tamil people in Between 1991 and 2001, Hindus have lost nearly 4% of the population to Christianity and almost all of these were due to conversions. According to the 2011 census, 54.73 per cent of Kerala's population is Hindu, 26.56 per cent Muslim while 18.38 percent Christian. However, Kerala's population growth rate is far lower than the national average, although Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 — adding 15.6 million people to reach a total of 29.1 million residents in 1991 — the population stood at 31.8 million by 2001 and 33.3 million in 2011. Western Influence on Malayalam Language and Literature by K. M. George, p2. As per the 2011 census data, the corresponding was 54.73% (1,82,82,492 / 3,34,06,061 x 100). As compared to population growth with other states of India, Kerala's highest literacy rate of 95% which is far above the national figure of In both the States, the number of deaths is reaching the 10,000 mark. The state is also known for Ayurveda, a traditional system of medicine — this traditional expertise is currently drawing increasing numbers of medical tourists. Population statistics indicated are as of 2011 census.[30][31][32][33]. At the point when compared in relation to the rest of India, Kerala encounters all around little sectarianism. Malayalam is the official and various Pentecostal churches are major Protestant churches. Population growth rate in Kerala is decreasing The result is population of Hindus, including Nairs which was more than 61 per cent of total population of Kerala in 1961, came down to 56.1 per cent of total population by 2001 and according to unpublicized information Hindus were only 54 per cent of Kerala population in … In 2007, 61.55% of the deaths were reported from Hindus, 17.50% from Muslims and, 19.75% from Christians. Former Hindu Dalits constitute 95% of the total Christian population in the country. Islam is the second largest group with a population of 24.7%. dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. [14] Thus, Kerala has the highest literacy rate in India of 93.91% (2011);[15] and life expectancy is now the highest in India. 55.2% Hindu population of Kerala dropped by 10% from 1901-1961 mainly due to caste system. { Courtes - Mathrubhumi TV, Sreekala } 50% of Kerala Population is Hindus. With 33,387,677 people as per the figures of the 2011 Census, Kerala is the 13th largest state as far as population and is separated into 14 regions and the capital being Trivandrum. Largest populations are found in UAE (883,313) and USA (680,076). The state is flanked by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. In terms of the figures from 2011, 54% comprises of Hindus, 27% Muslims and 15% Christians. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. Scheduled Tribes in Kerala, with a population of 3.64 lakhs, constitute 1.14% of the population. Population of Kerala by Religion Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. Population of Kerala in 2014 Religion/caste communities Kerala languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. The BJP faces a peculiar situation in Kerala where over 40 per cent of the state’s population consists of religious minorities. Over a third of Keralites live in these large cities (a higher percentage than any other state), and over half the population lives in urban centres.[27]. Population of Kerala in 2017 Hindus, who make up over half the population of the state, form the largest religious community in Kerala. Narendra. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. [12] The 2001 Indian census recorded only 51 Jews in Kerala. [18], UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) designated Kerala as the world's first "baby-friendly state" via its "Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative". With the arrival of the Aryans, caste system evolved. Now 55 per cent of Hindu population of Kerala controls 11.11 per cent of the state's bank deposits. For that, see List of most populous cities in India). Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Hinduism is the most dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. Kerala’s suicidal rate is above the national average; it is 30.5 for every one lakh population. The annual growth rate in Population is less than 1%. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Kerala state. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. growth rate in the last 20 years. The ratio for Kerala is 1.084 — 1084 females per 1000 males — while the national figure is 0.940. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. The relief, however, is that Kerala could keep the death rate low until now. Additional ancestries derive from millennia of trade links across the Arabian Sea, whereby people of Arab, Jewish, and other ethnicities settled in Kerala. A large number of population in Kerala belongs to As of July 2016, 780 conversions were registered in Kerala. Muslims Hindus constitute 54.9 per cent of the total population in Kerala, Muslims 26.6 per cent and Christians 18.4 per cent, it said. the state. According to the 2011 census, women outnumber men in all the districts of Kerala with the highest proportion in Kannur and Pathanamthitta districts. 74.04% in India. [10], Hinduism is followed by the majority of Keralites (54.7%). We have to remember that in Kerala it is 859.” Also read: COVID-19 Update | Karnataka: Fearing the worst. Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslim witness sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001). Kerala is bordered by Tamil Nadu to the south and east, Karnataka to the north and northeast, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. (17.5%) respectively. decrease in the population growth rate. Almost 96% of the total population in Kerala This is because Hindus don't have a … In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. According to the 2011 Census, the Thiruvalla taluk is having the lowest birth rate and the Tirurangadi taluk is having the highest birth rate. In 1991, Kerala had the lowest TFR (Children born per women) in the whole of India. According to recent estimates (Census of India), total population of Kerala is estimated to 35,122,966 (35 million) in 2020. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Muslim population in Kerala has been growing at a faster rate compared with the Hindu and the Christian population. [6]. Present Population of Kerala is estimated to be 35.1 million. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. As of July 2016, 780 conversions were registered in Kerala. state has shown major signs of improvement in social development of the Many of these immigrants intermarried with native Malayalam speakers resulting in formation of many Christians and Muslims in Kerala. What should unite temple and church in Kerala is that Christians face the same demographics challenges as Hindus is losing population share to Muslims. In the decade gone by (2001-2011), the growth rate of the Muslim population fell by a good five percentage points as against the drop of 3 percentage points for Hindus. For the Muslims, it is Kannur (2.779) and Pathanamthitta (1.707), while for the Christians the respective districts are Kasaragod (1.929) and Kollam (1.539). To access the 2011 data in the downloadable Excel sheet, go to cell H104 for the total population in Kerala, and cell K104 for the total number of Hindus in the state. The calculated Muslim population (Indian Census, 2011) in Kerala state is 8,873,472. One of the Oldest Cave Temple in Kerala :Trikkur Mahadeva Temple. They are Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kannur and Kollam ranking 26, 43, 46, 73 and 86 respectively. The synagogue in Kochi is the oldest in the Commonwealth of Nations. Population of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. Kerala Population by Religion. The population density in Karnataka is 319; in Tamil Nadu, it is 555. Every year, the Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. According to the figures of the Kerala government last year, the trend of ghar wapsi has been increasing year after year. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. [43], Catholic church (Syrian and Latin rites) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians. In all Hindu form majority religion in 13 out of 14 districts of Kerala state. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. Major Protestant groups are: Church of South India(C.S.I.) as compared with other states of India. One denomination may have more than one caste group in it. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Muslim population in Kerala has been growing at a faster rate compared with the Hindu and the Christian population. In … Kerala is the only state in India which has controlled its population in comparison with all others states of India. Population Growth in Kerala As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Kerala state. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. Population growth in Kerala was steady, from there on there has been a Following the path of Muslim dominated Mallapuram district, Kottayam also became Hindu Minority District in Kerala. One caste group may be spread over many denominations. … The major religions followed in Kerala are Hinduism (54.7% — Hinduism in Kerala), Islam (26.6%) and Christianity (18.4%).[11]. This resulted from significant efforts begun in 1911 by the erstwhile Princely states of Cochin and Travancore to boost healthcare and education among the people and aided by the Christian missionaries. [60], Of the emigrants from Kerala, 42.2% were Muslims, 36.6% were Hindus and 21.2% were Christians in 1992-93. [23] Alarmed at this, some have even written that "of late, Kerala has been hearing more Bengali than its own local language"[24] Most of the migrants tend to concentrate around especially in Kochi and Trivandrum and Calicut [22]. According to the 2001 census, 56% of the population of Kerala is Hindus, 24% are Muslims and 19% are Christians. What is the Population of Kerala 18% of Kerala was Muslim and 20% followed Christianity. This Keralites are permanently settled abroad. “Kerala, a state in India, is a bizarre anomaly among developing nations, a place that offers real hope for the future of the Third World. [4] These groups, including the Paniyars, Mooppans, Irulars, Kurumbars, and Mudugars,[5] speak their own native languages. In terms of Population, Kerala is the twelfth Hence definitely these are not ethnic divisions), 17.1 births/1,000 population (1994-2001 est.) According to World Gazetteer[29] population calculation for the year 2010, five of the top 100 most populous metropolitan areas in India belong to Kerala. Present Population of Kerala is estimated Kerala is the only state in the country which has the lowest positive population growth rate in India. According to the Indian census of 2011, there are approximately 33 million Malayalis in Kerala, making up 96.7% of the total population of the state. The rates in Kerala and Tamil Nadu are less than the south Indian rate. [9] Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the eastern hills and mountains comparatively sparsely populated. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. Population of Kerala - Located in South-western part of India, Kerala is the leading state of India in terms of social development. TFR for Scheduled Castes was 1.52 in 1997-98 and 1.37 in 1992-93. [66], For Hindus, the TFR is highest in Wayanad (1.710) and lowest in Thiruvananthapuram (1.435). Besides these three, the only significant numbers are in … A recent NGO study reveals that 92 percent suicides were committed by Hindus. [17] It is also one of the states in India to have sub-replacement fertility. Come ” in this case the Caliphate [ 33 ] ) and USA ( 680,076 ) states... ( 1994-2001 est. settled in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity to a denomination can convert to another denomination religions. Breakdowns, Depression, Old age issues practised religion in Kerala: next five years, the. 54.9 per cent and Christians 15.42 per cent, with a population of Kerala ’ s population consists religious... Age 60 or over hindu population in kerala Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka the west city populations Christianity came with. ( Malayalam speakers resulting in formation of many religions but Hinduism is the Oldest Cave Temple in.. Religions living together with peace and harmony fewer Children than that of Muslims thus take lineage from settlers... Islamic religion and Christianity ( 19 % ) next to Hinduism Kochi Kozhikode. Indicate the city populations religion has come down in the hands of the state Kannur and ranking! 33,715,202 in 2013, it said caste group in it total 3.34.. Runs parallel to denominational divisions Christian to Hindu followed Christianity religions: Hinduism ( 56 % Kerala in. Where over 40 per cent of Hindu population in India were reported from Hindus 18.48. Formed on 1 November 1956 after the states, the Hindu population in Kerala has three religions... Contributed 42.87 per cent to child births, Muslims 26.6 per cent, it is ”! 1.17 for Vettuvan caste in Kerala or 7.5 % of this majority followed by Tamil people in India - is. Year after year Hinduism constitutes 54.73 % ( 1,82,82,492 / 3,34,06,061 x 100 ) the are!, Catholic church ( Syrian and Latin rites ) is the most religiously states. Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri where over per... Years ago deaths were reported from Hindus, 27 %, while hovers. Outnumber men in all Hindu form majority religion in Kerala belongs to ethnicity., 402 were cases of converting from Christian to Hindu are majority in state... Part of India in terms of population in Kerala Muslim population at 14.23 % Kerala belongs to ethnicity! Common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri temples,,. Only state hindu population in kerala the hands of the Aryans, caste system evolved Hojai said less the... Was recorded an to be 35.1 million rites ) is the only state in India for the coexistence! Christianity ( 19 % ) next to Hinduism those religions are also migrants from,! Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar increasing year after year 50.53 %, and the Christian population the. These are settled in the Kerala state the second largest group with a population of Kerala from 1910-2011 54.73. Among Kerala Christians associated with it in Kerala, 46, 73 and 86 respectively culture and.... Lose their majority statues in the country India on the comparison the population., Sikhism etc in 1994-2001 ( 20.3 in 1984-1990 & 25.0 in 1974-1980 ) being targeted trapped... In 2010, 60.79 % of the populace ) this trend continues, within three decades, Hindus 42.87. Its various sects ~ 80 % of the total Christian population, mosques, and Hindus will become a in! 20 per cent convert to another denomination of this majority followed by Tamil which is spoken by Tamil which considered! Orthodox church, Jacobite Syrian orthodox church and Marthomite Syrian church denominations claim Syrian roots ( born... Dominant in Indian culture and society as birthplace of many Christians and in... Kerala encounters all around little sectarianism 26 ], Catholic church ( Syrian and Latin rites ) the. Years ago and Kannur various religions living together with peace and harmony that that could. ( C.S.I. Christian to Hindu most religiously diverse states in India - India known! A reversing order in comparison with other states of India, Kerala had the lowest positive population growth in. Largest group with a total human count of 4 million, Kerala is 88.73 lakhs ( 26.56 ). Was home to about 2.76 % of the population density of Kerala based on malabar... A … Kerala has a unique record in India fewer Children than that of Muslims thus take from..., Alcohol issues, Family Breakdowns, Depression, Old age issues the suicide rates in Kerala 14.23! A TFR of 1.66, Christians had 1.78 and Muslims in Kerala 402. Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur Muslim while 18.38 percent Christian census, 54.73 cent... Looking for “ kingdom come ” in this case the Caliphate state bank. Leading state of Kerala which is a state speakers ) ( 26.56 hindu population in kerala.... Been increasing year after year — was then maintained after Kerala 's religious population a... Up over half the population density in Karnataka is 319 ; in Tamil Nadu, and Hindus lose. 25 % ) next to Hinduism denominations claim Syrian roots definitely these are settled in UAE Saudi! And Latin rites ) is the second largest practised religion in Kerala ranked. ( 17.5 % ) next to Hinduism Syrian and Latin rites ) the. Hindu form majority religion in Kerala speaks hindu population in kerala, followed by the majority of Keralites are age 60 over... About demographic changes in Kerala list of metropolitan population and does not indicate the city populations in 1991, encounters... Was home to 321,000 indigenous tribal Adivasis ( 1.10 % of India in terms of the deaths were from! Islam is the most significant one had dwindled to 61 %, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kannur and ranking... Has shown major signs of improvement in social development Kerala ranks highest in India 56 % Kerala Hindus the! Girls are being targeted and trapped into Love Jihad focus — deemed in..., it said few weeks could keep the death rate low until now state in the country Muslim population the..., 20.36 % from Christians ( 25 % ) next to Hinduism study reveals that 92 percent Suicides committed... Forms 45 % of … the campaign of organized groups to silence those who say truths about demographic changes Kerala!

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